A loose over garment which covers the wearer and their evening dress from shoulders to ankles, normally fastening at the neck. There are no arms.
Wool, cashmere, velvet, satin, silk and fur are all common materials for evening cloaks.
Good quality linings and trimmings.
Black Tie and Evening Dresses
White Tie or full formal dress is actually very rare in the modern era and only normally required at Royal events, high class opera or ballet, or by the wedding party at a marriage ceremony.
As a result, formal dress often means Black Tie
and Evening Dresses
in common usage (what was historically known as semi-formal dress).
Christmas dinners, award ceremonies, proms, and charity dinners, all commonly expect Black Tie
, but may often be described as formal. This is often worth clarifying to avoid mis-understandings.
Traditional dress is always appropriate for formal events.
Formal and Semi-Formal
In high society, White Tie
and Ball Gowns was the standard formal form of dress for social gatherings. It shows the wealth of the upper classes and their familiarity of etiquette, and is still expected at the very highest class of event.
However, such elaborate presentation is not very practical for frequent usage, and so the semi-formal dress code Black Tie
, consisting of Dinner Jackets
and Evening Dress
or even the shorter Cocktail Dress
was established, for dining in a sophisticated manner, without the impracticalities and lavishness of full formal dress. Overtime, this has become the more standard form of dress for most formal events.